The threats to the security of our families, which have been growing for several years, caused by the growth of technical development, Poland’s openness, unrestricted access to various sources of information and the lack of uniform development of rules and methods of prevention and behaviour in the situation of their occurrence, led the company Saperskie Publishing House to develop a guide under the title Vademecum of Safe Family. It includes the rules of conduct in events threatening our or our family’s safety that each of us can participate.
The development of the guide used the available sources of information, knowledge and many years of experience of specialists in various fields, including employees of the State Fire Service, police specialists, military, pedagogues, doctors, lawyers, etc.
Technical development causes more and more events in which there are serious injuries, disturbances in vital functions, i.e. respiratory and circulatory disorders, haemorrhages, loss of consciousness, psychotropic poisoning, with medicines, toxic industrial products, electric shock or participation in road accidents. Rapid assistance, proper behaviour and conduct may determine the survival or reduction of the effects of a threat. If you cannot expect to receive professional, specialist help within a few minutes, you should perform rescue operations that are known and necessary.
Therefore, it became necessary to constantly teach and train in the scope of first aid, organize and conduct rescue operations before specialist units arrive. It is the moral, social and legal duty of each one of us.
Learning to behave in situations where there is a threat to life, health, safety, where proper first aid should be known, because it is not known when the need arises, when and from whom we or our loved ones will need such help. The current safety training cycle ends with education at school, unless we participate on our own initiative in other forms of teaching. The available studies are extensive, describing one event and the proceedings resulting from it. Departmental studies (Police, Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland, Fire Brigade, etc.) are difficult to access for an ordinary citizen who sometimes does not know where to look for information on existing threats.
The Vademecum of a Safe Family consists of several chapters in which existing or possibly emerging threats soon have been described. These are:
Natural (nature) hazards – describes the occurring hazards and behaviour at the time of their occurrence, such as: storms and lightning; wind; snowstorms and frosts; floods; landslides; heat; avalanches, etc.
Technical hazards – the behaviours are presented at the time of their occurrence, such as: chemical hazards (toxic industrial products), radiation hazards; building disasters; energy failures; disasters in land traffic; air disasters (fall of the aircraft); shipping disasters (inland);
Threats of a local nature – where threats and rules of conduct were presented to avoid them as well as proper behaviour at the time of their issuance, such as: fire (including fire of a motor vehicle); electric shock; unexploded ordnance; drowning; fainting; road accidents, etc.
Evacuation – contains basic rules for evacuation, behaviour and conduct in the event of emergencies associated directly with evacuation.
Threats of a criminal (terrorist) nature – drug and drug risks; cyber violence, IT threats – cyber terrorism; terrorist attacks with the use of explosive devices; terrorist attacks with the use of firearms; terrorist attacks using other means and technical equipment (chemicals, vehicles, etc.); suspicious shipments, objects left behind; when hostages are taken (you will be a hostage); proceeding during the anti-terrorist operation; impact on the human psyche, panic, psychology of the crowd.
First Pre-Medical Help Guide – where tips, advice and recommendations on how to give help are presented. Basic knowledge of the subject of conducting rescue operations, basic resuscitation procedures, behaviour in special situations is included.
We invite you to read the materials developed in the guide from which they are available on the website www.bezpiecznarodzina.edu.pl